Hindi is really a terrific language to learn. Most of you that make it to this page are here for a reason. I will guess that you want to either visit India or perhaps have some Indian friends that you want to impress :) Well what ever the reason I want to try make this learning experience a positive one for you.
Hindi is one of the very few written languages that can accurately do phonetic translations of any of the World languages. There are exceptions but I'm talking about the majority of cases.
What makes Hindi so complete is the set of alphabets. Whereas in English we have a, e, i, o, u. In Hindi the vowels are a, aa, i, ee, u, oo, e, ai, o, ou, ñ. Let's look at these.
pronounced "a" as in the word "Path"
pronounced "i" as in the word "Pit"
pronounced "ea" as in the word "Peat"
pronounced "u" as in the word "Put"
pronounced "oo" as in the word "Boot"
pronounced "ri" as in the word "Grief"
pronounced "a" as in the word "Pay"
pronounced "a" as in the word "Pie"
pronounced "o" as in the word "so"
pronounced "ow" as in the word "owl"
pronounced "un" as in the word "skunk"
pronounced "ah" as in the word "Namaha"
Now let me cover the complete Hindi alphabet set. If you want to get good at hindi I would recommend you memorize this completely. Latter I will give you examples that will help you get familiarized with this set.
pronounced "cu" as in cut
pronounced "kha" as in khalifa (aspirated ka)
pronounced "gu" as in gutter
pronounced "gha" as in ghar (aspirated ga)
pronounced "ada" say this quickly
pronounced as "chu" in churning
pronounced as "chha" asparated cha
pronounced as "ju" in just
pronounced as "dun" in dunk
pronounced as "tu" in tummy
pronounced as "tha" thandaa (aspirated Ta)
pronounced as "du" in dummy
no example available yet
pronounced "ta" as in tantra
pronounced "thu" as in thud
pronounced "da" as in darbaar (soft dental)
pronounced "dha" as in dharma
pronounced "nu" as in nun
pronounced "p" as in perm
pronounced as "bu" in butter
pronounced as "bhu" in bhusker (aspirated ba)
pronounced as "mo" in mother
pronounced as "yu" in yummy
pronounced as "ru" in rust
pronounced as "lu" in lucky
pronounced as "va" in variety
pronounced as "shu" in shut
same as above
pronounced as "su" in subtle
pronounced as "hu" in hurt
pronounced "aksha" as in stuck sherman
pronounced "tra" as both running
pronounced as bug yarn